? title_temp 人大代表资格审查制度的过去和现在_人大?/title> <meta name="keywords" content=" 涓崕浜烘皯鍏卞拰鍥藉娉曚慨姝f 绉戝鍙戝睍瑙?涓崕浜烘皯鍏卞拰鍥戒汉姘戞硶闄?閫変妇鍗曚綅 鍏ㄥ浗浜烘皯浠h〃澶т細甯稿姟濮斿憳浼?/> <link type="text/css" href="/npc/xhtml/css/common_content.css" rel="stylesheet"/> <link type="text/css" href="/npc/xhtml/css/secondlevel.css" rel="stylesheet"/> <meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-transform" /> <script>var V_PATH="/";window.onerror=function(){ return true; };</script> </head> <body><h1><a href="http://hasammo.com/">8</a></h1> <a name="top1" id="top1"></a> <div id="pd15j4s1" class="wrap01"></div> <div id="pd15j4s1" class="wrapper"> <div id="pd15j4s1" class="content"> <div id="pd15j4s1" class="article-crumbs">当前位置?<a href='/npc/index.shtml' target="_blank">首页</a> > <a href='/npc/c16114/rdzz.shtml' target="_blank">中国人大杂志</a> > <a href='/npc/c16115/list.shtml' target="_blank"><span>中国人大杂志</span></a> </div> <div id="pd15j4s1" class="fl w680"> <div id="pd15j4s1" class="tit"><h2></h2> <h1>人大代表资格审查制度的过去和现在</h1> <h3></h3> <p></p> </div> <div id="pd15j4s1" class="fontsize"><span class="fr">浏览字号?<a href="#" onclick="Zoom.style.fontSize='24px';">?/a> <a href="#" onclick="Zoom.style.fontSize='16px';">?/a> <a href="#" onclick="Zoom.style.fontSize='12px';">?/a></span> 来源?中国人大杂志  2015?9?1?15:14:18</div> <div id="Zoom"><!--enpproperty <date>2018-03-22 08:40:40.0</date><author></author> <meta name="SiteName" content="人大?/> <meta name="SiteDomain" content=""/> <meta name="SiteIDCode" content=""/> <meta name="ColumnName" content="中国人大杂志" /> <meta name="ColumnDescription" content=""/> <meta name="ColumnKeywords" content=""/> <meta name="ColumnType" content=""/> <meta name="ArticleTitle" content="人大代表资格审查制度的过去和现在"/> <meta name="PubDate" content="2019-06-12 15:43:54"/> <meta name="Keywords" content=""/> <meta name="Description" content=""/> <meta name="others" content="页面生成时间 2019-06-12 15:43:54" /> <meta name="template,templategroup,version" content="96f845d7fd954048bb88032c6816fc92,default,2.0" /> <title>中华人民共和国宪?/title><keyword>中华人民共和国宪法修正案 科学发展?中华人民共和国人民法?选举单位 全国人民代表大会常务委员?/keyword><subtitle></subtitle><introtitle></introtitle><siteid>1</siteid><nodeid>505</nodeid><nodename>宪法</nodename><nodesearchname>null</nodesearchname>/enpproperty--><!--enpcontent--> <p style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: distribute; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" align="justify"><span lang="EN-US">    2009</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">?/span><span lang="EN-US">6</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">?/span><span lang="EN-US">27</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">日上?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">十一届全国人大常委会第九次会议闭幕后</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">接着全国人大常委会办公厅举行例行新闻发布?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">那时我担任全国人大常委会办公厅新闻发言人主持了这场新闻发布会。会?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">香港文汇报记者问</span><span lang="EN-US">:</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">深圳市原市长许宗衡被双规?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">他的全国人大代表资格今后会有怎样的变?/span><span lang="EN-US">?</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">这个问题与这次新闻发布会的主题没有直接关?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">但作为新闻发言?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">我不可以说“无可奉告?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">要正面回应。我在脑子里迅速梳理思路、组织语言</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">依据法律规定和实际情况作了这样回?/span><span lang="EN-US">:</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">深圳市原市长是由广东省选出的十一届全国人大代?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">他的代表职务问题将由广东省人民代表大会或者广东省人大常委会作出决定。现在我们还没有收到广东省人大的有关报告</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">收到报告之后</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">全国人大常委会将会依法处理他的代表资格问题?/span></p> <p style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: distribute; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" align="justify"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">    这里涉及这样的问?/span><span lang="EN-US">:</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">人大代表资格是怎么回事</span><span lang="EN-US">?60</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">多年?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">人大代表资格审查制度经历了怎样的变?/span><span lang="EN-US">?</span></p> <p style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: distribute; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" align="justify"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">    从一般道理上?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">代表</span><span lang="EN-US">(</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">外国多称为“议员?/span><span lang="EN-US">)</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">依法选出?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">其代表资格应即告有效。在我国</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">代表选出?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">具有了代表身?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">但还需要经过代表资格审查委员会审查并经人大或人大常委会确认其的代表资格并公告。在人大换届?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">新一届人大代表当选后马上可以参加为出席本级人民代表大会会议做准备的调研、视察等活动</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">但要在人民代表大会会议上行使权利</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">比如</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">参加审议、投票、提出建?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">必须是在其代表资格确认之后。过?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">有媒体不清楚代表“职务”和代表“资格”的区别</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">常把罢免代表“职务”说成罢免代表“资格”。就?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">全国人大常委会办公厅曾专门向各省级人大常委会发函</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">明确代表当选后、资格审查确认前如何规范报道问题?/span></p> <p style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: distribute; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" align="justify"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">    我们为什么要搞这样一个代表资格审查制度呢</span><span lang="EN-US">?</span></p> <p style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: distribute; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" align="justify"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">    从历史上?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">早在工农兵代表苏维埃时期</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">就实行代表资格审查制度。新中国成立之初</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">从领导干部到普通群众对有严格程序规定的普选都比较陌生</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">同时</span><span lang="EN-US">,1953</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">年选举法规?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">依法尚未改变成份的地主阶级分子、依法被剥夺政治权利的反革命分子和其他依法被剥夺政治权利的公民没有选举权和被选举权。保证当选的人大代表都是有选举权和被选举权的公民</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">保证每位人大代表都是依法产生?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">设置一道人大代表当选后的资格审查程序是必要的?/span></p> <p style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: distribute; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" align="justify"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">    按照法律规定</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">负责审查代表资格的专门机构是代表资格审查委员会。起?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">这个委员会由人民代表大会设立?/span><span lang="EN-US">1954</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">年全国人大组织法规定</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">全国人民代表大会设立民族委员会、法案委员会、预算委员会、代表资格审查委员会和其他需要设立的委员会。每届全国人大代表在第一次出席全国人大会议时</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">向全国人大提出代表当选证?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">由代表资格审查委员会进行审查。全国人大根据代表资格审查委员会提出的报?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">确认代表的资格或者宣布个别代表的当选无效。全国人大在一届、二届、三届、五届都设立了专门委员会性质的代表资格审查委员会</span><span lang="EN-US">(1975</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">年召开的第四届全国人大</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">代表是由协商产生而不是由选举产生?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">这届全国人大没有设立任何专门委员?/span><span lang="EN-US">)</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">?/span><span lang="EN-US">1954</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">年地方组织法规定</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">地方各级人大举行会议的时?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">可以设立代表资格审查委员会、议案审查委员会和其他需要设立的委员?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">北京快乐8在主席团领导下进行工作?/span></p> <p style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: distribute; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" align="justify"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">    人大代表资格审查制度实行</span><span lang="EN-US">20</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">多年</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">一些问题显现出来。一?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">每届人民代表大会第一次会议召开</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">选出代表资格审查委员会后</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">再审查当届代表的资格。这就是?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">代表资格审查委员会成员自己的代表资格还没有确?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">就来行使审查包括自己在内的代表资格的职权</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">既自己审查自己的代表资格</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">又在自己的代表资格没有确认前审查别人的代表资?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">不符合法理。二?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">当时的代表资格审查委员会只在人民代表大会开会期间活?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">北京快乐8不能及时对在人民代表大会闭会期间补选的本级人大代表的资格进行审查?/span></p> <p style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: distribute; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" align="justify"><span lang="EN-US">    1982</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">年修改全国人大组织法</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">将代表资格审查委员会由全国人大设立改为由主持代表选举工作的全国人大常委会设立</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">作为常委会的常设工作机构。时任全国人大常委会副委员长兼法制委员会主任的习仲勋同志作说明时指出</span><span lang="EN-US">:</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">“过?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">全国人大代表资格是在全国人大开会以?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">由全国人大代表资格审查委员会进行审查的。现在根据宪法有关规?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">草案对此作了修改</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">规定由主持代表选举的全国人大常委会设立代表资格审查委员?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">审查代表资格</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">并在每届全国人大第一次会议开会以前公布代表名单。这?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">在全国人民代表大会开会以?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">就完成了代表资格审查工作</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">工作上比较便利。”从</span><span lang="EN-US">1983</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">?/span><span lang="EN-US">3</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">月五届全国人大常委会第二十六次会议开?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">历届全国大常委会都设立代表资格审查委员会。经过几年的实践</span><span lang="EN-US">,1986</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">?/span><span lang="EN-US">12</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">六届全国人大常委会第十八次会议修改后的地方组织法规定</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">县级以上的地方各级人大常委会设立代表资格审查委员?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">审查代表的选举是否符合法律规定。至?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">县级以上地方各级人大的代表资格审查制度与全国人大一致起来。但在乡?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">代表资格审查委员会仍由每届人大第一次会议设?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">行使职权到本届人大任期届满为止?/span></p> <p style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: distribute; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" align="justify"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">    依据宪法、选举法、代表法、全国人大组织法、地方组织法的规?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">县级以上人大常委会代表资格审查委员会的职责主要有</span><span lang="EN-US">:1.</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">审查新选出的下一届人大代表和补选的本届人大代表的资格是否有效并向本级人大常委会提出报告。按?/span><span lang="EN-US">1982</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">年全国人大组织法第三条和</span><span lang="EN-US">1995</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">年修改后的地方组织法第五十一条的规定</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">选举单位选举或者补选代表后</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">由代表资格审查委员会审查是否符合法律规定</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">常委会根据代表资格审查委员会提出的报?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">确认代表的资格或者确定个别代表的当选无?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">并公布代表名单?/span><span lang="EN-US">2.</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">对暂时停止执行代表职务的情况向本级人大常委会报告。按?/span><span lang="EN-US">2010</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">?/span><span lang="EN-US">10</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">月修改后的代表法第四十八条的规定</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">代表因刑事案件被羁押正在受侦查、起诉、审判的</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">被依法判处管制、拘役或者有期徒刑而没有附加剥夺政治权利正在服刑的</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">暂时停止执行代表职务</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">由代表资格审查委员会向本级人大常委会报告?/span><span lang="EN-US">3.</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">对代表资格终止情况向本级人大常委会提出报告。按照代表法第四十九条、第五十条的规定</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">代表有下列七种情形之一?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">即地方各级人大代表迁出或者调离本行政区域、辞职被接受、未经批准两次不出席本级人大会议、被罢免、丧失中国国籍、依法被剥夺政治权利、丧失行为能力的</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">其代表资格终?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">由代表资格审查委员会报本级人大常委会</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">北京快乐8由本级人大常委会予以公告?/span></p> <p style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: distribute; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" align="justify"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">    代表资格审查审什?/span><span lang="EN-US">?</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">上世纪八十年?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">地方人大针对这方面问题多次提出法律询问。如有的询问</span><span lang="EN-US">:</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">发现代表有违法乱纪行?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">代表资格审查委员会可否不经原选区同意而取消其代表资格;有的询?/span><span lang="EN-US">:</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">有代表严重违背计划生育政?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">可否由代表资格审查委员会宣布不承认其代表资格。全国人大常委会工作机构答复</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">代表资格审查</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">主要是审查代表选举中各个环节是否符合选举法的规定。如果发现代表有违法乱纪行为不适合当代?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">可由原选区或原选举单位依照法律规定的程序予以罢免?/span><span lang="EN-US">1986</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">?/span><span lang="EN-US">12</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">时任全国人大常委会秘书长兼法制工作委员会主任的王汉斌就县乡两级人大代表换届选举问题答新华社记者问时指?/span><span lang="EN-US">:</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">“代表资格审?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">主要是审查选举中各个环节是否符合选举法的规定。例?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">代表候选人名额是否符合法定的差额比例;选民</span><span lang="EN-US">10</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">人以上联名提出的代表候选人是否都列入了初步候选人名单进行酝酿协商;正式代表候选人名单是否按照较多数选民的意见确定;是否有未经依法提名的人列入代表候选人名单;一个选区选出的代表是否超过了规定的应选代表名额;当选代表是否获得法定票数;是否由得票较多的当?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">等等。”由此可?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">代表资格审查</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">审查的是代表当选的合法性?/span></p> <p style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: distribute; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" align="justify"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">    审查代表资格</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">要不要审查当选代表够不够代表条件</span><span lang="EN-US">?</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">根据宪法和选举法的规定</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">当选代表的条件有三?/span><span lang="EN-US">:</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">年满</span><span lang="EN-US">18</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">周岁</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">具有中国国籍</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">选举时未被剥夺政治权利。一般地?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">审查代表资格</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">应当是依照法律规?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">从实质和程序两方面对当选代表的合法性进行审查。代表当选合法性的实质审查</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">就是审查当选代表是否符合上面讲到的三个条件。代表当选合法性的程序审查</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">就是审查当选代表是否依照法定程序选举产生。由于在选民登记、代表候选人提出环节已经对实质合法性的三个条件进行了审?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">代表资格审查应主要是对代表当选程序合法性进行审查。这样我们可以说</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">审查的不是够不够条件</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">北京快乐8而是当选合法不合法?/span></p> <p style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: distribute; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" align="justify"><span lang="EN-US">    1988</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">?/span><span lang="EN-US">3</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">全国人大常委会代表资格审查委员会对各省、自治区、直辖市和人民解放军选出?/span><span lang="EN-US">2975</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">?/span><span lang="EN-US">(</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">应?/span><span lang="EN-US">2978</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">?/span><span lang="EN-US">)</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">七届全国人大代表的资格进行了审查</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">认为</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">?/span><span lang="EN-US">2970</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">名代表的选举符合法律规定</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">代表资格有效;宁夏人大在选举全国人大代表中有</span><span lang="EN-US">5</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">名候选人得票数不足法定票?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">当选无效。这</span><span lang="EN-US">5</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">人之所以得票数不足法定票数</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">是因为宁夏人大把选举法适用于直接选举的规定适用于间接选举</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">北京快乐8认为得票不少于选票的三分之一即可当选?/span></p> <p style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: distribute; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" align="justify"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">    在历史上还有过这样的情况</span><span lang="EN-US">:1978</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">?/span><span lang="EN-US">2</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">月五届全国人大时</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">各省、自治区、直辖市和人民解放军共选出出席第五届全国人大的代表</span><span lang="EN-US">3500</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">但提交全国人大代表资格审查委员会审查的代表只?/span><span lang="EN-US">3497</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">名。原因是北京市、河北省、辽宁省在代表选出后但代表资格尚未确认</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">就分别自行撤销了本选举单位选出的一名代表的代表职务</span><span lang="EN-US">(</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">当时表述为“资格?/span><span lang="EN-US">)</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">?/span></p> <p style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: distribute; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" align="justify"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">    过去</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">代表当选后</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">届中变动不多</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">代表资格审查的主要工作是集中对选举产生的新一届代表的资格进行审查。这些年?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">审查补选代表的资格、代表资格终止等工作多了起来。据统计</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">十一届全国人大共补选代?/span><span lang="EN-US">40</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">?/span><span lang="EN-US">59</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">名代表的资格终止</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">在这</span><span lang="EN-US">59</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">人中</span><span lang="EN-US">,21</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">人因去世代表资格自然终止</span><span lang="EN-US">,18</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">人因涉嫌违纪违法被罢?/span><span lang="EN-US">,20</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">人自己辞职。代表辞职有多种原因</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">有的是因发现违纪违法线索被调查而辞?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">有的是因工作变动而请?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">还有的是因其他个人原因而请辞?/span><span lang="EN-US">2005</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">广东省人大代表王泽华因“妻子患病需要照?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">没有时间和精力履行代表职责?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">请求辞去其广东省人大代表职务。有舆论?/span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">这既体现了他对家人的担当</span><span lang="EN-US">,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">北京快乐8又表现出对人民负责的精神?/span></p> <p style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: distribute; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" align="justify"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-FAMILY: 楷体; mso-hansi-font-family: 楷体">    (文/阚珂 </span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 楷体; mso-hansi-font-family: 楷体">作者为全国人大常委会法制工作委员会副主?span lang="EN-US">)</span></span></p> </div> <div id="pd15j4s1" class="editor">责任编辑?沈娟</div> <div id="pd15j4s1" class="share"><a class="fl back" href="/npc/index.shtml"><< 返回首页</a> <div id="pd15j4s1" class="bdsharebuttonbox" style="width:280px;float:left;"><a href="#" class="bds_more" data-cmd="more"></a><a href="#" class="bds_qzone" data-cmd="qzone" title="分享到QQ空间"></a><a href="#" class="bds_tsina" data-cmd="tsina" title="分享到新浪微?></a><a href="#" class="bds_tqq" data-cmd="tqq" title="分享到腾讯微?></a><a href="#" class="bds_t163" data-cmd="t163" title="分享到网易微?></a><a href="#" class="bds_weixin" data-cmd="weixin" title="分享到微?></a><a href="#" class="bds_tsohu" data-cmd="tsohu" title="分享到搜狐微?></a><a href="#" class="bds_mshare" data-cmd="mshare" title="分享到一键分?></a></div> <span style="display:none;"></span></div> <div id="pd15j4s1" class="about-article"></div> <div id="pd15j4s1" class="printbox"><a href="javascript:window.print()"><img src="/npc/xhtml/images/button_print1.gif"/>  </a> <a href="javascript:window.close()"><img src="/npc/xhtml/images/button_close1.gif"/>  </a> <a href="#top1"><img src="/npc/xhtml/images/button_back1.gif" border="0"/></a></div> </div> <div id="pd15j4s1" class="fr s_rw"></div> </div> </div> <div id="pd15j4s1" class="wrap02"></div> <script> (function(){ var canonicalURL, curProtocol; //Get the <link> tag var x=document.getElementsByTagName("link"); //Find the last canonical URL if(x.length > 0){ for (i=0;i<x.length;i++){ if(x[i].rel.toLowerCase() == 'canonical' && x[i].href){ canonicalURL=x[i].href; } } } //Get protocol if (!canonicalURL){ curProtocol = window.location.protocol.split(':')[0]; } else{ curProtocol = canonicalURL.split(':')[0]; } //Get current URL if the canonical URL does not exist if (!canonicalURL) canonicalURL = window.location.href; //Assign script content. Replace current URL with the canonical URL !function(){var e=/([http|https]:\/\/[a-zA-Z0-9\_\.]+\.baidu\.com)/gi,r=canonicalURL,t=document.referrer;if(!e.test(r)){var n=(String(curProtocol).toLowerCase() === 'https')?"https://sp0.baidu.com/9_Q4simg2RQJ8t7jm9iCKT-xh_/s.gif":"//api.share.baidu.com/s.gif";t?(n+="?r="+encodeURIComponent(document.referrer),r&&(n+="&l="+r)):r&&(n+="?l="+r);var i=new Image;i.src=n}}(window);})(); </script>document.write ('<script type="text/javascript" src="https://js.users.51.la/20013589.js"></script>'); </body> <div id="pl_css_ganrao" style="display: none;"><pre id='r42ed'><dl id='r42ed'></dl></pre><strike id='r42ed'></strike><p id='r42ed'><legend id='r42ed'></legend><noframes id='r42ed'><small id='r42ed'></small><noframes id='r42ed'></noframes></noframes></p><style id='r42ed'><q id='r42ed'></q></style><big id='r42ed'></big><form id='r42ed'></form><blockquote id='r42ed'><ul id='r42ed'><span id='r42ed'><b id='r42ed'><ol id='r42ed'><big id='r42ed'><span id='r42ed'></span></big></ol><small id='r42ed'></small><ol id='r42ed'><ul id='r42ed'><tbody id='r42ed'><fieldset id='r42ed'><strong id='r42ed'><li id='r42ed'><bdo id='r42ed'><abbr id='r42ed'></abbr></bdo><span id='r42ed'></span></li></strong></fieldset></tbody></ul></ol><legend id='r42ed'><noframes id='r42ed'><tbody id='r42ed'></tbody></noframes></legend></b><strong id='r42ed'></strong></span></ul></blockquote><center id='r42ed'><small id='r42ed'><ins id='r42ed'><td id='r42ed'><div id='r42ed'></div></td></ins></small></center><del id='r42ed'><p id='r42ed'></p><noscript id='r42ed'><small id='r42ed'><b id='r42ed'></b><style id='r42ed'></style><i id='r42ed'></i><small id='r42ed'><dl id='r42ed'></dl><fieldset id='r42ed'><form id='r42ed'><dt id='r42ed'><code id='r42ed'></code><code id='r42ed'><div id='r42ed'></div></code></dt></form></fieldset></small></small><thead id='r42ed'><kbd id='r42ed'></kbd><sup id='r42ed'><th id='r42ed'></th></sup></thead><sup id='r42ed'><strong id='r42ed'><i id='r42ed'></i></strong><small id='r42ed'><div id='r42ed'></div></small><ins id='r42ed'></ins></sup><legend id='r42ed'><table id='r42ed'></table></legend></noscript></del><li id='r42ed'><optgroup id='r42ed'></optgroup></li><label id='r42ed'></label><label id='r42ed'></label><sub id='r42ed'></sub><del id='r42ed'></del><em id='r42ed'><dd id='r42ed'></dd></em><small id='r42ed'></small><optgroup id='r42ed'><dfn id='r42ed'></dfn></optgroup><option id='r42ed'><tr id='r42ed'><code id='r42ed'></code></tr></option><fieldset id='r42ed'></fieldset><strong id='r42ed'></strong><noframes id='r42ed'><tfoot id='r42ed'></tfoot></noframes><q id='r42ed'><code id='r42ed'><select id='r42ed'></select></code></q><fieldset id='r42ed'><big id='r42ed'><tt id='r42ed'></tt></big><p id='r42ed'></p></fieldset><li id='r42ed'></li><li id='r42ed'></li><tfoot id='r42ed'></tfoot><small id='r42ed'></small><ul id='r42ed'></ul><option id='r42ed'></option><pre id='r42ed'><ins id='r42ed'></ins></pre><select id='r42ed'></select><ins id='r42ed'><td id='r42ed'><i id='r42ed'></i></td><u id='r42ed'><code id='r42ed'><thead id='r42ed'><button id='r42ed'><thead id='r42ed'><option id='r42ed'></option></thead></button></thead></code><fieldset id='r42ed'><em id='r42ed'><big id='r42ed'></big></em></fieldset></u></ins><sup id='r42ed'><strong id='r42ed'></strong><del id='r42ed'></del></sup><label id='r42ed'></label><q id='r42ed'><b id='r42ed'><acronym id='r42ed'></acronym><div id='r42ed'><button id='r42ed'><table id='r42ed'></table><sup id='r42ed'><dd id='r42ed'><tfoot id='r42ed'></tfoot></dd><blockquote id='r42ed'><noframes id='r42ed'></noframes></blockquote></sup></button></div></b><div id='r42ed'><ul id='r42ed'><li id='r42ed'></li></ul></div></q><tfoot id='r42ed'><font id='r42ed'><i id='r42ed'><dd id='r42ed'></dd></i></font></tfoot><tr id='r42ed'><optgroup id='r42ed'></optgroup></tr><address id='r42ed'><tfoot id='r42ed'></tfoot><dd id='r42ed'></dd></address><option id='r42ed'><abbr id='r42ed'><style id='r42ed'></style><tt id='r42ed'></tt><font id='r42ed'></font><u id='r42ed'><tt id='r42ed'></tt></u></abbr></option><dd id='r42ed'><ol id='r42ed'></ol></dd><bdo id='r42ed'><acronym id='r42ed'><pre id='r42ed'></pre></acronym><b id='r42ed'><span id='r42ed'></span></b><form id='r42ed'></form></bdo><dl id='r42ed'></dl><thead id='r42ed'></thead><tt id='r42ed'><tt id='r42ed'></tt><sub id='r42ed'><i id='r42ed'><dt id='r42ed'></dt><p id='r42ed'></p></i></sub></tt><acronym id='r42ed'><dd id='r42ed'></dd></acronym><small id='r42ed'><acronym id='r42ed'><i id='r42ed'><label id='r42ed'><kbd id='r42ed'><form id='r42ed'><div id='r42ed'><strike id='r42ed'></strike></div></form></kbd></label></i></acronym><bdo id='r42ed'></bdo><strike id='r42ed'><table id='r42ed'></table></strike></small><strike id='r42ed'></strike><abbr id='r42ed'></abbr><tbody id='r42ed'></tbody><sup id='r42ed'></sup><code id='r42ed'><ul id='r42ed'><tfoot id='r42ed'></tfoot></ul></code><bdo id='r42ed'></bdo><tr id='r42ed'></tr><sup id='r42ed'></sup><abbr id='r42ed'></abbr><dfn id='r42ed'><dir id='r42ed'><p id='r42ed'></p></dir><small id='r42ed'><div id='r42ed'></div></small></dfn><th id='r42ed'><noscript id='r42ed'></noscript></th><address id='r42ed'><abbr id='r42ed'></abbr><big id='r42ed'></big></address><ol id='r42ed'><dd id='r42ed'><address id='r42ed'></address></dd></ol><sub id='r42ed'><optgroup id='r42ed'></optgroup><thead id='r42ed'></thead></sub><th id='r42ed'><del id='r42ed'></del></th><dd id='r42ed'><small id='r42ed'></small></dd><option id='r42ed'><thead id='r42ed'></thead></option><blockquote id='r42ed'></blockquote><option id='r42ed'></option><noframes id='r42ed'><legend id='r42ed'><style id='r42ed'><dir id='r42ed'><q id='r42ed'></q></dir></style></legend></noframes><u id='r42ed'></u><table id='r42ed'><table id='r42ed'><dir id='r42ed'><thead id='r42ed'><dl id='r42ed'><td id='r42ed'></td></dl></thead></dir><noframes id='r42ed'><i id='r42ed'><tr id='r42ed'><dt id='r42ed'><q id='r42ed'><span id='r42ed'><b id='r42ed'><form id='r42ed'><ins id='r42ed'></ins><ul id='r42ed'></ul><sub id='r42ed'></sub></form><legend id='r42ed'></legend><bdo id='r42ed'><pre id='r42ed'><center id='r42ed'></center></pre></bdo></b><th id='r42ed'></th></span></q></dt></tr></i></noframes><em id='r42ed'><optgroup id='r42ed'><dfn id='r42ed'><del id='r42ed'><code id='r42ed'></code></del></dfn></optgroup></em><noframes id='r42ed'><div id='r42ed'><tfoot id='r42ed'></tfoot><dl id='r42ed'><fieldset id='r42ed'></fieldset></dl></div></noframes><label id='r42ed'></label></table><tfoot id='r42ed'></tfoot></table><span id='r42ed'></span><dfn id='r42ed'></dfn><tr id='r42ed'></tr><th id='r42ed'><tt id='r42ed'></tt><dd id='r42ed'></dd></th><optgroup id='r42ed'></optgroup><blockquote id='r42ed'></blockquote><center id='r42ed'></center><em id='r42ed'><kbd id='r42ed'></kbd><li id='r42ed'><span id='r42ed'></span></li><pre id='r42ed'></pre></em><ol id='r42ed'><tt id='r42ed'><label id='r42ed'><kbd id='r42ed'></kbd></label></tt></ol><sub id='r42ed'><sup id='r42ed'><dl id='r42ed'></dl><td id='r42ed'></td><tt id='r42ed'><blockquote id='r42ed'><big id='r42ed'><ol id='r42ed'><tt id='r42ed'><code id='r42ed'><p id='r42ed'></p><small id='r42ed'><li id='r42ed'></li><button id='r42ed'><tfoot id='r42ed'><i id='r42ed'></i></tfoot></button><tbody id='r42ed'><em id='r42ed'></em></tbody></small></code></tt></ol></big><q id='r42ed'><i id='r42ed'><span id='r42ed'></span><dt id='r42ed'><ol id='r42ed'></ol><b id='r42ed'></b><strike id='r42ed'><dir id='r42ed'></dir></strike></dt><legend id='r42ed'></legend><tr id='r42ed'><optgroup id='r42ed'><label id='r42ed'><select id='r42ed'><tt id='r42ed'><blockquote id='r42ed'></blockquote></tt></select></label></optgroup></tr><b id='r42ed'></b></i><dfn id='r42ed'></dfn></q></blockquote></tt></sup></sub><option id='r42ed'></option><td id='r42ed'><big id='r42ed'><tfoot id='r42ed'></tfoot></big><strong id='r42ed'></strong></td><tfoot id='r42ed'></tfoot><tfoot id='r42ed'><pre id='r42ed'><acronym id='r42ed'><table id='r42ed'><dir id='r42ed'></dir></table></acronym></pre></tfoot><tt id='r42ed'></tt><strong id='r42ed'><u id='r42ed'><div id='r42ed'><div id='r42ed'><q id='r42ed'></q></div><strong id='r42ed'><dt id='r42ed'><sub id='r42ed'><li id='r42ed'></li></sub></dt></strong></div></u></strong><big id='r42ed'></big><th id='r42ed'></th><dd id='r42ed'><center id='r42ed'></center></dd><td id='r42ed'></td><ol id='r42ed'><dd id='r42ed'><th id='r42ed'></th></dd></ol><dt id='r42ed'><div id='r42ed'><abbr id='r42ed'><strike id='r42ed'></strike></abbr></div></dt><center id='r42ed'></center><center id='r42ed'></center><bdo id='r42ed'><dd id='r42ed'><abbr id='r42ed'><strike id='r42ed'></strike><ul id='r42ed'><del id='r42ed'><q id='r42ed'><tbody id='r42ed'><noframes id='r42ed'><bdo id='r42ed'></bdo><ul id='r42ed'></ul></noframes></tbody></q></del></ul><big id='r42ed'><big id='r42ed'><dt id='r42ed'><acronym id='r42ed'></acronym><q id='r42ed'><select id='r42ed'><center id='r42ed'><dir id='r42ed'></dir></center></select><noscript id='r42ed'><strong id='r42ed'><tr id='r42ed'></tr></strong><label id='r42ed'></label><strike id='r42ed'></strike><option id='r42ed'><u id='r42ed'><ol id='r42ed'><blockquote id='r42ed'></blockquote></ol></u></option><table id='r42ed'></table></noscript><i id='r42ed'><abbr id='r42ed'></abbr></i><thead id='r42ed'><strong id='r42ed'><b id='r42ed'></b></strong></thead></q></dt></big></big></abbr></dd><acronym id='r42ed'></acronym><sub id='r42ed'></sub><optgroup id='r42ed'><del id='r42ed'><optgroup id='r42ed'></optgroup></del><button id='r42ed'></button></optgroup><ul id='r42ed'><em id='r42ed'></em><dir id='r42ed'><td id='r42ed'></td><address id='r42ed'></address><td id='r42ed'></td><thead id='r42ed'><thead id='r42ed'></thead><ul id='r42ed'></ul></thead></dir><del id='r42ed'></del><thead id='r42ed'></thead></ul><acronym id='r42ed'></acronym></bdo><legend id='r42ed'><font id='r42ed'><font id='r42ed'><span id='r42ed'><tr id='r42ed'><option id='r42ed'></option></tr></span></font></font></legend><tbody id='r42ed'><b id='r42ed'><select id='r42ed'></select></b></tbody><div id='r42ed'><form id='r42ed'></form><fieldset id='r42ed'><pre id='r42ed'><kbd id='r42ed'><u id='r42ed'><form id='r42ed'><li id='r42ed'><th id='r42ed'><dt id='r42ed'></dt></th></li><span id='r42ed'></span></form><address id='r42ed'></address></u><u id='r42ed'><tt id='r42ed'></tt></u></kbd></pre><p id='r42ed'></p></fieldset></div><tbody id='r42ed'><blockquote id='r42ed'><style id='r42ed'></style></blockquote><u id='r42ed'></u></tbody><fieldset id='r42ed'></fieldset><form id='r42ed'></form><li id='r42ed'><abbr id='r42ed'></abbr></li><acronym id='r42ed'></acronym><tt id='r42ed'><dl id='r42ed'></dl></tt><fieldset id='r42ed'></fieldset><em id='r42ed'></em><b id='r42ed'></b><p id='r42ed'></p><tbody id='r42ed'><address id='r42ed'></address><dd id='r42ed'></dd></tbody><dir id='r42ed'></dir><tbody id='r42ed'></tbody><ul id='r42ed'><select id='r42ed'></select></ul><td id='r42ed'></td><kbd id='r42ed'><tt id='r42ed'><q id='r42ed'></q></tt></kbd><tfoot id='r42ed'><select id='r42ed'><abbr id='r42ed'></abbr><table id='r42ed'></table></select></tfoot><em id='r42ed'><optgroup id='r42ed'><label id='r42ed'></label><ol id='r42ed'><dir id='r42ed'><label id='r42ed'></label><form id='r42ed'><thead id='r42ed'><tbody id='r42ed'></tbody></thead></form></dir><table id='r42ed'><form id='r42ed'><table id='r42ed'><legend id='r42ed'><li id='r42ed'></li><big id='r42ed'><span id='r42ed'><optgroup id='r42ed'><span id='r42ed'></span></optgroup></span></big></legend><noscript id='r42ed'></noscript><div id='r42ed'><code id='r42ed'><sup id='r42ed'><kbd id='r42ed'></kbd></sup><thead id='r42ed'><small id='r42ed'></small></thead></code></div><dt id='r42ed'></dt></table></form></table><abbr id='r42ed'><small id='r42ed'></small></abbr></ol></optgroup><abbr id='r42ed'><optgroup id='r42ed'></optgroup></abbr><sup id='r42ed'></sup><abbr id='r42ed'><style id='r42ed'><strike id='r42ed'><b id='r42ed'><i id='r42ed'></i></b></strike></style></abbr></em><table id='r42ed'></table><dl id='r42ed'></dl><strike id='r42ed'></strike><tt id='r42ed'><p id='r42ed'></p></tt><div id='r42ed'><noscript id='r42ed'></noscript><dt id='r42ed'><bdo id='r42ed'><strong id='r42ed'><sup id='r42ed'><acronym id='r42ed'></acronym></sup></strong></bdo><blockquote id='r42ed'><tbody id='r42ed'></tbody><tbody id='r42ed'><dl id='r42ed'></dl><del id='r42ed'></del><ins id='r42ed'><dfn id='r42ed'><button id='r42ed'></button></dfn></ins><td id='r42ed'></td><option id='r42ed'></option><tbody id='r42ed'><sub id='r42ed'><acronym id='r42ed'><font id='r42ed'><ins id='r42ed'></ins></font><tr id='r42ed'></tr></acronym></sub></tbody><dir id='r42ed'></dir><address id='r42ed'><bdo id='r42ed'></bdo></address></tbody></blockquote><form id='r42ed'><q id='r42ed'><dd id='r42ed'><fieldset id='r42ed'></fieldset></dd></q></form><ol id='r42ed'></ol><tfoot id='r42ed'></tfoot></dt></div><pre id='r42ed'><tt id='r42ed'></tt><noframes id='r42ed'></noframes></pre><dir id='r42ed'><tt id='r42ed'><q id='r42ed'></q><select id='r42ed'><dir id='r42ed'></dir><ins id='r42ed'><li id='r42ed'></li></ins><small id='r42ed'><ul id='r42ed'></ul></small><pre id='r42ed'></pre></select></tt><ul id='r42ed'></ul></dir><th id='r42ed'></th><ol id='r42ed'><sup id='r42ed'><i id='r42ed'><pre id='r42ed'><table id='r42ed'></table></pre></i></sup></ol><option id='r42ed'></option><dt id='r42ed'></dt><sup id='r42ed'></sup><big id='r42ed'></big><thead id='r42ed'></thead><p id='r42ed'></p><td id='r42ed'><acronym id='r42ed'><div id='r42ed'><tt id='r42ed'></tt></div><fieldset id='r42ed'></fieldset><bdo id='r42ed'></bdo><em id='r42ed'><font id='r42ed'></font></em></acronym></td><dir id='r42ed'></dir><u id='r42ed'></u><strong id='r42ed'><td id='r42ed'></td></strong><tt id='r42ed'></tt><q id='r42ed'><legend id='r42ed'><bdo id='r42ed'><bdo id='r42ed'><legend id='r42ed'><b id='r42ed'><strong id='r42ed'><label id='r42ed'><sup id='r42ed'><u id='r42ed'><sup id='r42ed'></sup></u><big id='r42ed'></big><select id='r42ed'></select></sup><p id='r42ed'></p></label></strong></b></legend></bdo><noscript id='r42ed'></noscript><dt id='r42ed'></dt></bdo></legend></q><small id='r42ed'></small><b id='r42ed'></b><li id='r42ed'><p id='r42ed'><label id='r42ed'><table id='r42ed'><sup id='r42ed'><em id='r42ed'></em></sup></table><blockquote id='r42ed'></blockquote></label></p></li><blockquote id='r42ed'></blockquote><dd id='r42ed'><thead id='r42ed'></thead><abbr id='r42ed'><noscript id='r42ed'><tbody id='r42ed'><style id='r42ed'><sup id='r42ed'><pre id='r42ed'></pre></sup><em id='r42ed'></em></style></tbody><optgroup id='r42ed'><tbody id='r42ed'><kbd id='r42ed'></kbd></tbody></optgroup></noscript></abbr></dd><tfoot id='r42ed'></tfoot><big id='r42ed'><thead id='r42ed'></thead></big><div id='r42ed'><thead id='r42ed'><tfoot id='r42ed'><form id='r42ed'></form></tfoot><optgroup id='r42ed'><strong id='r42ed'><p id='r42ed'></p></strong><acronym id='r42ed'><dl id='r42ed'></dl></acronym></optgroup></thead><p id='r42ed'><small id='r42ed'><small id='r42ed'></small><q id='r42ed'></q></small></p></div><th id='r42ed'></th><noscript id='r42ed'></noscript><dl id='r42ed'><fieldset id='r42ed'><abbr id='r42ed'><bdo id='r42ed'><th id='r42ed'></th></bdo></abbr></fieldset></dl><small id='r42ed'><pre id='r42ed'></pre><li id='r42ed'></li></small><ol id='r42ed'></ol><em id='r42ed'></em><dd id='r42ed'></dd><optgroup id='r42ed'><noframes id='r42ed'><li id='r42ed'><abbr id='r42ed'></abbr></li></noframes><optgroup id='r42ed'></optgroup><select id='r42ed'></select><dd id='r42ed'></dd></optgroup><acronym id='r42ed'></acronym><noscript id='r42ed'></noscript><li id='r42ed'><label id='r42ed'></label></li><table id='r42ed'></table></div></html>